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Yellowtail Flounder

Original line drawing by H.L. Todd, Courtesy University of Washington Libraries
Open All-Year
Size Limit
No Size Limit in State of Delaware waters (coast to 3 miles offshore)

13 inch minimum Federal waters (3 to 200 miles offshore)
Daily Limit / Person
No Limit
Delaware Range
Atlantic Ocean
Abundance in Delaware Waters
Uncommon - this species is more common north of Delaware.
General Habitat and Food Preferences
Yellowtail Flounder prefer sandy or sand/mud bottoms at depths of 100 to 350 feet.

They feed on amphipods (small shrimp like creatures), small shrimps, marine worms, small crabs, and occasionally small fishes.
General Description
Yellowtail Flounder have eyes on the right side (summer, four-spot and windowpane flounder have their eyes on the left side).

They are reddish brown dotted with rusty red spots on top with a yellowish white belly.

The tips of the fins and tail have a distinct yellowish color.

It has a small mouth and thick fleshy lips and eyes that almost touch each other.
Did You Know?
Yellowtail Flounder, like most flounder, use camouflage and can change the color and pattern of their dark side to match the surrounding bottom.
Common Fishing Lures and Baits
Yellowtail Flounder are almost always caught accidentally by anglers fishing for other species.

They are most often caught on bottom rigs with squid strips.
Typical Sizes Caught
In general, Yellowtail Flounder are caught by anglers in the range of 15 to 18 inches (1 to 2 pounds).
Citation Minimum Lengths/Weights
Length: 25 inches (for Live Release Award only)
Weight: 7 pounds

Yellowtail Flounder are eligible for the Delaware Sport Fishing Tournament "Flounder" citation, but not currently eligible for an individual species citation.
Delaware State Record
17 pounds 15 ounces
William Kendall

Yellowtail Flounder are eligible for the general "Flounder" record, but due to their smaller size, catching one large enough to qualify is unlikely.

Yellowtail Flounder are not currently eligible for an individual Delaware record.